The Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management is a government to government agreement between First Nations and Canada. This signing of the Framework Agreement was signed by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and 13 First Nations on February 12, 1996. This is the first step for a First Nation to assume control over its reserve lands, resources and the environment. Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation became signatory to the Framework on March 25, 2013.
Canada ratified their commitment to the Framework Agreement with the First Nations Land Management Act in 1999. Once a First Nation ratifies their land code and Individual Agreement, the 33 Indian Act provisions relating to land management will no longer apply to reserve land.
Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation Land Code will be the basic land law of Pikwakanagan reserve lands and will replace the land management provisions of the Indian Act and provisions for the following:
- Identifies the reserve lands to be managed by the First Nation
- General rules and procedure for the use and occupation of the land
- Financial accountability
- Making and publish of land laws, conflict of interest rules
- Matrimonial Real Property Law
- Dispute resolution process
- Procedures for F.N. to grant interest in land or acquire land
- Delegation of land management responsibility
- Procedure to amend the Land Code
The Individual Agreement between Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation and Canada is the negotiations to deal with such matters as:
- The reserve lands to be managed by the First Nation
- The specifics of the transfer of the administration of land from Canada to the First Nation (e.g interests in land held by Canada that are to be transferred to the First Nation)
- The funding to be provided by Canada to the First Nation for land management
Community Ratification Process
In order to assume control over reserve lands, the Land Code and the Individual Agreement must be ratified by eligible voting members of Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation, whether living off-reserve or on-reserve. The procedure for the community ratification process is developed in accordance with the Framework Agreement.